Presidential Voting, 1844-1860 (By State)

State Party 1844 1848 1852 1856 1860
Connecticut Democratic (N) 32830 27046 33249 34995 15431
Whig 29841 30314 30359 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 42715 43488
American/Const Union -- -- -- 2615 1528
Liberty/Free Soil 1943 5005 3160 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 14372
Total: 64614 62365 66768 80325 74819
Maine Democratic (N) 45964 40206 41609 39080 29693
Whig 34619 35276 32543 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 67179 62811
American/Const Union -- -- -- 3325 2046
Liberty/Free Soil 4862 12178 8030 -- --
Total: 85445 87660 82182 109584 94550
Massachusetts Democratic (N) 53470 35281 46880 39240 34370
Whig 67712 61070 56062 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 108190 106684
American/Const Union -- -- -- 19626 22331
Liberty/Free Soil 10959 38058 29923 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 6163
Total: 132141 134409 132865 167056 169548
New Hampshire Democratic (N) 27160 27763 29997 32789 25887
Whig 17866 14781 16147 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 38345 37519
American/Const Union -- -- -- 422 412
Liberty/Free Soil 4161 7560 6695 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 2125
Total: 49187 50104 52839 71556 65943
Rhode Island Democratic (N) 4867 4867 4867 4867 4867
Whig 7322 6779 7626 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 11467 12244
American/Const Union -- -- -- 1675 0
Liberty/Free Soil 0 736 644 -- --
Total: 12189 62486 65976 89565 85179
Vermont Democratic (N) 24378 74868 79113 107574 102290
Whig 26770 23122 22173 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 39561 33808
American/Const Union -- -- -- 545 1969
Liberty/Free Soil 3954 13837 8621 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 218
Total: 55102 111827 109907 147680 138285
New York Democratic (N) 237588 114319 234882 195878 312510
Whig 232482 218583 234882 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 276004 362646
American/Const Union -- -- -- 124604 0
Liberty/Free Soil 15812 120497 25329 -- --
Total: 485882 453399 495093 596486 675156
New Jersey Democratic (N) 37495 36901 44305 46943 62869
Whig 38318 40015 38556 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 28338 58346
American/Const Union -- -- -- 24115 0
Liberty/Free Soil 823 849 350 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 0
Total: 76636 77765 83211 99396 121215
Pennsylvania Democratic (N) 167535 172186 198568 230772 16765
Whig 161203 185730 179122 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 147963 268030
American/Const Union -- -- -- 82202 12776
Liberty/Free Soil 6332 11177 8524 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 178871
Total: 335070 369093 386214 460937 476442
Illinois Democratic (N) 57920 56629 80597 105348 160215
Whig 45528 53215 64934 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 96189 172171
American/Const Union -- -- -- 37444 4914
Liberty/Free Soil 3570 15804 9966 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 2331
Total: 107018 125648 155497 238981 339631
Indiana Democratic (N) 70181 74745 95299 118670 115509
Whig 67867 69907 80901 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 94375 139033
American/Const Union -- -- -- 22385 5306
Liberty/Free Soil 2106 8100 6934 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 12295
Total: 140154 152752 183134 235430 272143
Iowa Democratic (N) -- 12125 15855 36170 55639
Whig -- 11178 15855 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 43954 70302
American/Const Union -- -- -- 9180 1763
Liberty/Free Soil -- 1126 1606 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 1035
Total: -- 24429 33316 89304 128739
Michigan Democratic (N) 27703 30687 41842 52136 65057
Whig 24237 23940 33860 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 71762 88481
American/Const Union -- -- -- 1660 415
Liberty/Free Soil 3632 10389 7237 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 805
Total: 55572 65016 82939 125558 154758
Minnesota Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 11920
Republican -- -- -- -- 22069
American/Const Union -- -- -- -- 50
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 748
Total: -- -- -- -- 189545
Ohio Democratic (N) 149061 154773 169220 170874 187421
Whig 155112 138359 152526 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 187497 231709
American/Const Union -- -- -- 28121 12194
Liberty/Free Soil 8050 35347 31682 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 5075
Total: 312223 328479 353428 386492 436399
Wisconsin Democratic (N) -- 15001 33658 52843 65021
Whig -- 13747 22240 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 66090 86110
American/Const Union -- -- -- 580 161
Liberty/Free Soil -- 10418 8814 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 887
Total: -- 39166 64712 119513 152179
California Democratic (N) -- -- 39665 53365 37999
Whig -- -- 34971 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 20691 38733
American/Const Union -- -- -- 36165 9111
Liberty/Free Soil -- -- 100 -- --
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 33969
Total: -- -- 74736 110221 119812
Oregon Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 4136
Republican -- -- -- -- 5329
Const Union -- -- -- -- 218
Democratic (S) -- -- -- -- 5075
Total: -- -- -- -- 14758
Delaware Democratic (S) 5971 5910 6318 8004 7339
Whig 6258 6422 6293 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 308 3822
American/Const Union -- -- -- 6175 3888
Liberty/Free Soil 0 80 62 -- --
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 1066
Total: 12229 12412 12673 14487 16115
Maryland Democratic (S) 32676 34528 40022 39115 42482
Whig 35984 37702 35077 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 281 2294
American/Const Union -- -- -- 47460 41760
Liberty/Free Soil 0 125 54 -- --
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 5966
Total: 68660 72355 75153 86856 92502
Kentucky Democratic (S) 51988 49720 53806 74642 53143
Whig 61255 67141 57068 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 314 1364
American/Const Union -- -- -- 67416 66058
Liberty/Free Soil 0 0 265 -- --
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 25651
Total: 113243 116861 111139 142372 146216
Missouri Democratic (S) 41324 40077 38353 58164 31362
Whig 31250 32761 29984 -- --
Republican -- -- -- -- 17028
American/Const Union -- -- -- 48524 58372
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 58801
Total: 72574 72838 68337 106688 165563
Alabama Democratic (S) 37740 31363 26881 46739 48669
Whig 26084 30482 15038 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 28552 27835
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 13618
Total: 63824 61845 41919 75291 90122
Arkansas Democratic (S) 9546 9300 12173 21910 28732
Whig 5504 7588 7404 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 10787 20063
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 5357
Total: 15050 16888 19577 32697 54152
Florida Democratic (S) -- 3238 4318 6358 8277
Whig -- 4539 2875 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 4833 4801
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 223
Total: -- 7777 7193 11191 13301
Georgia Democratic (S) 44147 44802 34705 56581 52176
Whig 42100 47544 16660 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 42439 42960
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 11581
Total: 86247 92346 51365 99020 106717
Louisiana Democratic (S) 13782 15370 18647 22164 22681
Whig 13083 18217 17255 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 20709 20204
Liberty/Free Soil 0 1 0 -- --
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 7625
Total: 26865 33588 35902 42873 50510
Mississippi Democratic (S) 25125 26537 26876 35446 40768
Whig 19206 25922 17548 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 24195 25045
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 3282
Total: 44331 52459 44424 59641 69095
North Carolina Democratic (S) 39287 34869 39744 48246 48846
Whig 43232 43519 39058 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 36886 45129
Liberty/Free Soil 0 85 59 -- --
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 2737
Total: 82519 78473 78861 85132 96712
South Carolina (No popular vote. Presidential electors picked by legislature)
Tennessee Democratic (S) 59917 58419 57018 73636 65097
Whig 60030 64705 58898 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 66117 69728
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 11281
Total: 119947 123124 115916 139753 146106
Texas Democratic (S) -- 10668 13552 31169 47454
Whig -- 4509 4995 -- --
American/Const Union -- -- -- 15639 15383
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 18
Total: -- 15177 18547 46808 62855
Virginia Democratic (S) 50683 46738 72413 89706 74325
Whig 44790 45265 57132 -- --
Republican -- -- -- 291 1887
American/Const Union -- -- -- 60310 74481
Democratic (N) -- -- -- -- 16198
Total: 95473 92003 129545 150307 166891

Democratic (N) = Douglas in 1860
Democratic (S) = Breckinridge in 1860

Sources: Tribune Almanac, (1856), p 2; Ibid., (1860), p 64; Presidential Election Returns, 1792-1972, p. 73



Return to 19th Century Documents Page