We had received the decision of the court in the above case, and had
intended it for our papers on Monday, but in consequence of the Inaugural
message we were compelled to postpone it, and we then mislaid it so as to be too
late for our paper on yesterday.
But it will be seen that the great difficulty is solved, and that
The supreme court of the United States, the highest and most dignified tribunal in any civilized country, and composed of the very first order of talent in the world, and to whose decisions it is an honor to bow with respectful deference, have had the darling bantling of black republicanism under consideration, and announce it illegitimate. They say it is the offspring of red hot abolitionism, and cannot be acknowledged as having anything honest or upright about it. Thus it is thrown upon the hands of the black republicans who are compelled to provide for it.
DECISION OF THE DRED SCOTT CASE.
-- Washington, March 6. -- The opinion of the supreme court in the Dred
Scott case was delivered to-day by Chief Justice Taney.
It was a full and elaborate statement of the the views of the court.
They have decided that following all important facts:
1.That negroes, whether slave or free, that is, men of the African race, are
not citizens of the United States, by the constitution.
2. That the ordinance of 1857 had no independent constitutional legal
effect subsequently to the adoption of the constitution, and could not operate
of itself to confer freedom or citizenship within the northwest territory on
negroes, not citizens by the constitution.
3. That the provision of the act of 1820, commonly called the Missouri
compromise, so far as it is understood to exclude negro slavery from and
communicate freedom and citizenship to negroes in the northern part of the
country is unconstitutional.
The Louisiana session was a legislative act exceeding the power of congress
and void of no legal effect to that end.
In deciding these main points the supreme court determined the following
1. The expression, territory, and other property of the Union, in the
constitution, applies in terms only to such territory as the Union possessed at
the time of the adoption of the constitution.
2. The right of citizens of the United States emigrating to any federal
territory, and the power of the federal government there, depends on the
general provisions of the constitution, which defines in this, as in all other
respects, the powers of congress.
3. As congress does not possess power itself to make enactments in relation
to persons and property of citizens of the United States in federal territory
other than such as the constitution confers, so it cannot constitutionally
delegate such powers to a territorial government organized by it under the
4. The legal condition of a slave in the state of Missouri is not affected
by the temporary sojourn of such slave in any other state, but on his return his
condition still depends on the laws of Missouri.
As the plaintiff was not a citizen of Missouri, and therefore could not sue
in the courts of the United States, and the suit must be dismissed for want of
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